Or is it that the enemies of Truth, Justice, Peace and the Dignity of mankind they are the ones who forced and drove some of these to do what they saw to be Jihad and pleasing to Allah - even if others called it Terrorism and barbarism?!
And, how did extremism and aggression seep into some of them whereby he brought it over to his country and society in some cases?
And, what is the story behind the term 'Terrorism' and its shifty and deceitful usage?
In order to find answers to these questions we will surely have to return to the history of the long strife between Iman (Faith & Belief), the Truth and honour on the one side and, on the other side, the Kufr (Rejection of Faith), Falsehood and baseness - as it occurred in the Arab world, which the other countries took as its model, and Egypt to this day remains in this arena!!
The Propaganda of Nasir Regime played the leading role in declaring war on the Islamic propagation (Dawah) and in associating against those who do Dawah allegations of treachery, assassination and sabotage. We still remember the dangerous notes that were prepared by those bodies that intended to eliminate Islam in Egypt. And since that time to this day, the Dawah in this country - which has been known for tolerance during its history - the Dawah there has instead faced a lot of trials and hardships. But all this has not succeeded in uprooting the religiosity from its citizens who by nature are a religious people.
The first organised campaign - which used to distort the image of the religious people with what later came to be called 'terrorism' - was actually against a special organization amongst the Ikhwan. The Nasir Regime accused this organization of working for the Zionists, the colonisation and attempting to assassinate Abdun-Naser, but none believed this dramatic theory of theirs! But it managed to use these accusations to imprison scholars and those who propagated Islam (Du'aat). Then when a list of accusations was prepared for the trial of Syed Qutb (may Allah show mercy to him) and those with him, the main allegation was 'attempting to assassinate the two ambassadors of America and Britain in Egypt'!! It was as though America and Britain set up an organization and aided it with wealth and arms - according to the continuing claims of the Nasir Regime propagation - to murder their own two ambassadors!!
The Nasir Regime lost and was uprooted from every sphere and the facts started to become clear. This accusation was silenced or kept on hold until Sadat was murdered. It is clear that those who killed him, whoever they were, were according to the consensus of Arab opinion someone who disapproved of Sadat's visit to the Zionist nation, which was the resolution of the Baghdad Conference. The murderers did not go beyond merely carrying out in practice what the Leaders had resolved on in theory and encouraged the Egyptian masses via three broadcasting channels from three cities, this besides the other means also employed. What these broadcasted and believed was that Sadat betrayed the Ummah in its most sacred of issues and it is incumbent on the Egyptian masses to get rid of him!!
Sadat had opened the door to different Dawah organizations in Egytian Universities, not out of religious conscience, but in order to combat the Communists and the old supporters of Nasir. Most of these organizations were improvisatory, confining themselves in their Dawah to some of the open affairs of Iman, usually. Except for a few limited cells consisting of the released prisoners from the prisons of Nasir, these had tasted such diverse forms of torture to a degree that no human can bear, and with these tortured ones, extremism led them to doing the takfir (i.e. declaring someone who professes to be a Muslim to be a non-Muslim and out of the fold of Islam) of those besides them. The takfir that they did included the takfir of various Islamic organizations themselves. They were accused of murdering Sheikh Dhahabi (may Allah show mercy to him), but many people did not believe this allegation, even those close to him, who would claim the rights of his death, did not believe in these. Instead, the fingers were pointing at the Security Forces themselves who wanted to repress these organizations by getting rid of the Sheikh as well as them altogether. And as soon as a vicious campaign was initiated accusing of Hijra (to migrate from place of Kufr to Islam) and takfir, it encompassed in its harassment all bearded men and all the women with Jilbab and hijab. Sadat filled the prisons wherever the thoughts agreed and the prisons clustered with inmates - as described by Haykal - now took the place of the simple, off-hand organizations.
Then his death was the announcing of a new stage of persecution. This is how the stage was set for the arising and spreading of new organizations that sought to make a change by armed resistance. Amongst these organizations were ones titled 'Jihad' and 'Jama'ah Islamiyah'.
This stage coincided with the establishment of the Afghan Jihad, which had on its side factors that drew volunteers unlike others. That was an opportunity for the two sides: the government and the religious conscious youth. As for the government, it wanted to please America and go along with her in her battle against the Soviet Union while at the same moment it wanted to get rid of these religious conscious people in general by pushing them in front of the barrels of the Russian tanks. As for the religious-minded youth, they found it an opportunity to escape, the pressure of imprisonment, being chased and hunted and the psychological punishment from the society and the family and also an opportunity to revive the duty of Jihad.
There in Afghanistan, all the volunteer arrivals met. They arrived from all places and even from Egypt itself. These volunteers did not come with any policy or organization. There they met with the ones who escaped from Egypt and it is these who came with a policy to create the change as well as a thought, organization and a long suffering.
This is how they affected some of the youngsters, with the differences amongst themselves and to various degrees in their extremism or their conviction to use aggression and violence.
Egypt remained the source of fuel to this extremism and disunity. There were vile allegations and recklessness in the accusations and in generalising and this is a trade that the Egyptian Media masters well and many other Arab Countries have had their taste from it. Then followed the awesome, savage campaign whereby the number of prisoners reached forty thousand. In addition to this, there followed the normalisation of relations with the Jews, the propagation of lewd and low behaviour, discarding of the Sharia (law) of Allah and a ban of any gathering on the basis of religion to give these organizations any Sharia value or raise sympathy for them - this not only out in the society but also within the security bodies themselves.
This is how Egypt entered into a circle of societal harshness due to the oppression and terrorism of the country and persistence with the peaceful solution or the termination - as its executioners called it. This state terrorism reached such a stage in violating the chastity and perpetrating atrocities that it made most people, out of their kindness and mercy, conceal vengeance or patronise those people. This was an embarrassment for the friends of the Egyptian government, with America being its main ally, especially with the release of the reports from the Foreign Affairs ministry of the United States, the human rights organizations and all reported of the diverse forms of torture and the tyranny of the trials, to the extent that some of the American reports raised the issue of torture by means of the AIDS virus.
This is how the human abuse reached its height - internal and external - without a back off from the Egyptian Government from the chain of executions, evictions and imprisonment on mere suspicion or simply for having a beard or a girl covering her hair. It went even further by turning the other countries against the 'Islamists' and its ventures were successful via initiating conferences of Interior Ministers of the Arab countries for this purpose. Within a very short time the Tunisian government out did the Egyptian one in this sphere and not to mention the B'ath regime in Syria which had demolished and devastated the two most important cities of the People of Sunnah (Ahl usSunnah) - Hama in Syria and Tripoli in Lebanon - and imprisoned and evicted tens of thousands of people!! This even surpassed the tragedy of the Palestinians!! As for the other countries, you may say a similar story.
And, ironically, this was the only unifying accomplishment of the Arab world! Those who claimed that they created a 'demon' while they were combating the Soviets now made it their mission to trap this 'demon' wherever it set foot until no trace remains of it.
The stopping of the Jihad in Afghanistan came side by side with the increase in pressure in the Arab countries on every one who went to Afghanistan. The Arab governments after a hard struggle managed to convince the West to be with it in its confrontation and the peaceful solution. This is how many of the innocent youth did not find any opportunity to live a stable life - not in the Arab countries nor in the West. They started to look for a place to do Jihad there and escape to it, and those who remained in Afghanistan joined the ranks of the movement of Taliban.
And, the one who returned to his country before the strengthening of the pressure and oppression or managed to escape the allegation or came out of the prison found the road closed in his face. The Dawah in his country was besieged and fought against, the process of enjoining the good and forbidding the wrong was either missing or weak and the Ummah was drowned in indulging in its low and base desires, amusement, distractions and frivolous play. In brief, he found every thing that goes against the values of Jihad that he believes in and did not find anything nursing the Dawah which refines and cultivates, or he found it but his nature did not agree to it and this is an important issue with respect to the Dawah and those who strive for it, for it is them who are the most befitting of the bodies to know their shortcomings and acknowledge their responsibilities.
In a situation of concern, suffering and confusion the blessed Intefada was sparked off in the sacred land. The whole world was shocked at the boisterous American support and alliance with the Jews. These youth remembered all the enemies who tortured the Muslims severely and perpetrated the most savage crimes in history - be that in Bosnia, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Timor or the independent Republics - and they began to personify it in one source - that being America and its followers. That is, the Palestinian Intefada, it is the one that specified the characteristics of this octopus-like enemy very clearly.
For the first time the views of the Mujahideen everywhere were in agreement with the views of all the Arab Governments that America is not just, but it neither loves justice nor knows it. The animosity towards America reached its peak during the last summer when the Arab governments took positions, which were clear that their confidence had fallen and the hope dwindled of any political justice from America. So some of them held America fully responsible for the Zionist terrorism while others warned it severely of its repercussions. It was then purely unthinkable that any human could possibly keep quiet over the F16s, the Appaches as they came forth in succession over the poor, dislodged tent-dwellers and killed women and the aged.
Then came the position of the Security Council, as it poured its unqualified justification for the Zionist terrorism and accused the weak and oppressed of terrorism!!
Even the strongest of America's allies in Europe and other places condemned that and took up the position of the Muslim masses who had developed feelings of a necessity to stop this tyranny and take revenge for the oppressed ones as soon as possible. This feeling was not limited to the religious practising people only but it had reached those who indulge in games and soap operas. But America ignored all this despite the repeated warnings of its repercussions, even Egypt made a strong warning to America prior to the event by just a few days. As for the Saudi-American relations, they reached their worst stage in its history.
At the height of the anger and emotions the incident occurred and the Muslims rejoiced everywhere - not gloating over other's misfortune nor sympathising with the perpetrator about whose identity there is still not a clue - but it was more a release and letting off the feelings from frustration over all that subjugation. And it was also out of hope that this incident would finally lead the Americans to stop its tyrannical government after having tasted for one day what the Muslims go through every day and in every place - particularly in Palestine - and this too over long decades!!
But was there any lesson learnt from that by Washington and those beyond it? Did they acknowledge their accountability in this problem? Did they go back and revise their political stance toward the Muslim masses or move towards that and think of giving an opportunity to these to worship their Lord within their countries with peace and security and call others to Allah with patience and wisdom?
The answer is well known to the whole world and the worst of it is that they did not suffice from running away from their responsibility but moreover they threw it all on the shoulders of the Muslims and concentrated it all in the person of only one, the government of the Islamic emirate of Afghanistan - the Taliban. And they dragged by all means - their military, their media and propaganda networks and their allies - they drew upon all of these to annihilate it and thereafter to move onto others besides it!!
Once more we find ourselves in front of another problem that was created by America itself and we find grave injustice adopted and followed by America and its Allies!!
So let us then get to know the Taliban and its position - with justice - in the following section.